Charcoal Making Machine

MoreGreen Charcoal Making Machine

MoreGreen charcoal making machine can be used for dry distillation and oxygen-free carbonization of carbonaceous wood materials (coconut shell, wood chips, rice husks, palm kernels, plant straws, other biomass materials, etc.) under high temperature conditions in the furnace, and finally obtain charcoal and wood tar, wood vinegar and a variety of combustible gases.

MoreGreen uses the most advanced high-temperature and high-pressure carbonization technology to recover the combustible gas generated in the charcoal making process for heating the carbonization furnace, which not only saves energy but also protects the environment. The waste heat generated during the carbonization process can also be recycled for drying moisture in raw materials.

biomass Carbonization Industry Brief

Biomass refers to various organisms produced by photosynthesis and is a natural energy carrier that converts solar energy into chemical energy for storage.

The biomass to energy industry has excellent prospects because biomass is the fourth largest energy source after coal, oil and natural gas, with an annual global production of about 170 billion tons. Biomass energy has the advantages of clean, renewable, and no carbon dioxide emissions. Unlike renewable resources such as solar energy and wind energy, biomass energy has low requirements on the production environment and is widely distributed, enabling large-scale production. However, it should be noted that the biomass material has a low carbon content, a low energy density, a high oxygen content, and a large number of volatile components, which requires further treatment to become a biomass energy source for us to use.

At present, there are three main sources of biomass, namely forestry, agriculture, and organic waste. If these biomass are not properly handled, it will produce a lot of greenhouse gases, harmful fumes, and harmful leachate, which will pollute the soil, groundwater, and the atmosphere.

forestry biomass

Forestry Biomass

agricultural biomass

Agricultural Biomass

Waste Biomass

Waste Biomass

Biomass carbonization plants, also known as biomass charcoal making machines or charcoal making machines, can convert biomass into energy. Common biomass materials used for carbonization generally refer to carbon-containing wood materials, such as coconut shells, wood chips, rice husks, palm kernels, plant straws, and the like. These materials are very common, easy to collect and have high economic value after being charred.

Since 2012, global biomass supply has maintained an average annual growth rate of 4.5%, which will be maintained until 2035, when it is expected to supply 450 billion tons of biomass worldwide. Obviously, the sooner you invest in a charcoal making machine, the more energy and benefits you will get.

Charcoal Making Machine Working Processes

Biomass carbonization technology refers to the process of heating chopped or shaped biomass raw materials in an anaerobic or low-oxygen environment to decompose carbon-containing organic biomass into charcoal, wood tar, wood vinegar, and non-condensable combustible gases.

When the biomass is carbonized using the MoreGreen charcoal making machine, the heat source equipment is first turned on to heat the carbonizer furnace to the temperature required for charring. At this time, the biomass feedstock is sent to the inner cylinder of the carbonization machine for drying by using a spiral quantitative conveyor, and then the raw material enters the high temperature zone of the outer cylinder (450 ° C - 900 ° C) for pyrolysis and carbonization to form charcoal, wood tar, wood vinegar, and non-condensable combustible gases. After the charcoal is cooled by the cooling device, it can be packaged and stored; the wood tar and the wood vinegar are recovered by the recycling device; the non-condensable combustible gases are purified by the dust separator and recovered for combustion to heat the carbonization furnace. The carbonization machine uses a variable frequency adjustable speed motor to adjust the cylinder speed to control the carbonization temperature and carbonization time of the biomass material.

Charcoal Making Machine Working Processes

When the carbonization machine starts to work, the shredder is simultaneously started to shred the biomass into finely divided raw materials of uniform size (generally ≤ 3 cm). The finely divided raw materials are fed into the dryer through the crawler to dry the moisture to less than 10%, and then the dried raw materials are carbonized by entering the carbonization machine. The high-temperature exhaust gas generated by the carbonization machine combustion chamber enters the dryer through the pipeline to dry the raw materials, and then enters the dust collector and the filter for treatment and discharge.

When the carbonization machine begins to stably generate non-condensable combustible gases and high-temperature exhaust gas, the heat required for the carbonization process and the raw material drying process can be completely self-sufficient, which will save a lot of fuel and realize intelligent low-cost continuous production.

It should be noted that in the process of transporting charcoal, the charcoal will be in full contact with the air. Even if the carbon has a cooling temperature of only 50-80 degrees and there is no open flame on the surface, there may be sparks inside it, which may spontaneously ignite. Therefore, it is necessary to put it for 8 hours or install a mist spray equipment to cool the produced charcoal twice, completely eliminating the fire source and ensuring safety.

Charcoal Making Machine Technical Specifications

MoreGreen can customize charcoal making equipment to your needs, which usually depends on the quality of your biomass feedstock. If they are bulky and contain a lot of moisture, it is best to have a shredder and dryer to ensure the quality of the product produced by charring. The following are the most common types of charcoal making machines for your reference:

Specifications

1 Working Method Continuous Continuous Continuous Continuous
2 Hourly Capacity 0.3-0.5 mt 0.8-1 mt 1.5-2 mt 2.5-3 mt
3 Raw Materials Coconut Shell, Palm Kernel, Bamboo, Rice Husk, Sawdust, Sludge, Domestic Garbage, Industrial Waste, etc. Coconut Shell, Palm Kernel, Bamboo, Rice Husk, Sawdust, Sludge, Domestic Garbage, Industrial Waste, etc. Coconut Shell, Palm Kernel, Bamboo, Rice Husk, Sawdust, Sludge, Domestic Garbage, Industrial Waste, etc. Coconut Shell, Palm Kernel, Bamboo, Rice Husk, Sawdust, Sludge, Domestic Garbage, Industrial Waste, etc.
4 Reactor Size φ800 mm Φ1000 mm φ1300 mm φ1700 mm
5 Floor area 30m*15m*7m 35m*15m*7m 45m*15*10m 50m*15*10m
6 Total Power 40 kw/h 55 kw/h 60 kw/h 72 kw/h
7 Working Pressure Constant Pressure Constant Pressure Constant Pressure Constant Pressure
8 Cooling Way Water-Cooled Water-Cooled Water-Cooled Water-Cooled
9 Lifespan 5-8years 5-8years 5-8years 5-8years
10 Noise ≤85dB ≤85dB ≤85dB ≤85dB

Final Products From Charcoal Making Machine

After the various biomass materials are carbonized, the final products are charcoal, wood tar, wood vinegar, and combustible gas.

charcoal

Charcoal

wood vinegar

Wood Vinegar

wood tar

Wood Tar

Combustible Gas

Combustible Gas

These final products have a wide range of uses in various industries:

  • Charcoal:It can be used as a barbecue fuel in daily life; as a fuel for iron and steel plant and power plant industry; it can be used in agriculture to improve the soil by adsorbing harmful heavy metals; it can be further processed into activated carbon; it can be used in the production of building materials.
  • Wood Vinegar:Because wood tar is corrosion resistant and high temperature resistant, it can be used as a raw material in the shipbuilding industry and the paint industry; it can be used as a plasticizer in the rubber industry after distillation and dehydration; it can be used as an insecticide, solvent, and fuel.
  • Wood Tar:Used in agriculture, as a pesticide and soil disinfectant; can be processed into deodorants; can be processed into fertilizers to promote the growth of crops; can be used as a preservative in the food industry.
  • Combustible Gas:It can be recycled for heating carbonization machines to save fuel; it is widely used as fuel in various industries; it can be used for generators to generate electricity.

Advantages Of MoreGreen Charcoal Making Machine

MoreGreen is the leading manufacturer of charcoal making machines in China. We have many years of experience in the waste to energy industry and have successfully launched projects in more than 30 countries. The entire process from manufacturing to delivery, MoreGreen's team of professional engineers will answer your questions. The senior industry workers will be responsible for the installation, commissioning and training services, and we will do our best to ensure that the entire project can operate successfully.

MoreGreen's charcoal production plant has the following advantages:

  • The carbonization machine and other major components are made of national standard 304 stainless steel. And they have a uniquely designed high temperature resistant and wear-resistant seal for a very good sealing effect.
  • With an exhaust gas recycling device, the high-temperature exhaust gas in the carbonization process can be recycled into the dryer to heat and dry the biomass raw materials without additional heating fuel. This means that the process of drying the raw materials is almost completely free.
  • Continuous production, easy operation, and guaranteed charcoal production while saving labor costs.
  • The charcoal produced has a carbon content of about 60%, and it is smokeless and odorless when burned.

In addition, the entire charcoal making equipment can be designed according to customer needs. For example, according to the customer's daily pyrolysis of biomass processing capacity to customize the appropriate carbonization machine; according to the customer needs to customize the appropriate pre-heating device, to ensure that customers can use the cheapest local raw materials as fuel, save costs and so on.

Economic Benefit Analysis

The following benefit analysis is for reference only, please refer to the local market for specific prices. Let us take the example of carbonizing 10 tons of waste straw in the Chinese market every day:

Operating Costs / Day Operating Costs / Day Operating Costs / Day
Waste Straw 400/t x 10t = 4000 58.1/t x 10t = 581
Heating Fuel-Coal 400/t x 0.1t = 40 58.1/t x 0.1t = 6
Heating Fuel-Diesel 4000/t x 0.075t = 300 581.4/t x 0.075t = 44
Heating Fuel-Natural Gas 2.25/m3 x 60m3 = 135 0.327/m3 x 60m3 = 20
Electricity 55kW x 10h x 1/kWh = 550 55kW x 10h x 0.145/kWh = 80
Water water can be recycled, a few of evaporation water can be recycled, a few of evaporation
Labour 2-person shift operation:200/person x 2p = 400 2-person shift operation:29.1/person x 2p = 58
Revenue /Day Revenue /Day Revenue /Day
Charcoal 3000/t x 10t x 30% = 9000 436/t x 10t x 30% = 1308
Wood Vinegar 1500/t x 10t x 20% = 3000 218/t x 10t x 20% = 436
Wood Tar 2000/t x 10t x 5% = 1000 291/t x 10t x 5% = 146
Combustible Gas recycling as heating fuel recycling as heating fuel
Profit / Day ¥7575 / Day $ 1101 / Day
Profit / Month ¥227250 / Month $ 33030 / Month
Profit / Year ¥2727000 / Year $ 396360 / Year

As can be seen from the above table, you can usually recover the cost of investing in a charcoal making machine in a relatively short period of time, and then you will have a stable source of income. You can calculate your earnings based on the price of your local major biomass raw materials and the price of some heating fuel. Or you can contact us and we will be happy to conduct a profit analysis for you.

FAQ About MoreGreen Charcoal Making Machine

What is the yield of various carbonized final products?

Generally, one ton of biomass material can be carbonized to obtain 300 kg of charcoal, 200 kg of wood vinegar and 50 kg of wood tar. The yield of the final product is related to the type of raw material and the water content. If you want to know the exact rate of output, you can send us a sample and we will inform you of the test results as soon as possible.

Can the charcoal obtained be further processed?

Of course. Charcoal obtained by carbonization can be further processed by briquetting machines, molding machines and other equipment to obtain charcoal products of different shapes.

Can we visit the production factory?

Of course, we are always welcome you to visit the factory!And our company hopes that after the initial exchanges between the two sides, professional and technical personnel will accompany you to visit the production plant purposefully. We believe that this will make the understanding of both sides deeper and more efficient!

What services are available?

We offer customized services for our equipment. Customize different types and sizes of pyrolysis plants based on the type of raw materials you have pyrolyzed and the amount of waste processed daily;
We provide door-to-door installation equipment services. Install commissioning equipment at the location you specify and train qualified operators for you;
We provide a two-year warranty on the entire equipment (free maintenance, except for consumables under normal operating conditions), lifetime maintenance;
We provide the latest waste to energy industry information and research reports for your reference to help you make the right decisions.

What is the production and installation cycle of the equipment?

After receiving the deposit, we immediately began to arrange production. Usually, the production cycle of the charcoal making machine is 30 days, and its installation period is about one week. During the installation of the equipment, we pay the technicians' wages, and you only need to provide them with room and board.

Is MoreGreen available for turnkey services?

Yes! We can provide turnkey on-site installation and commissioning; and provide personnel training for all countries and regions.

If you have any other questions, please feel free to contact us and we will answer your questions professionally and efficiently.

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