Microplastics in The Ocean
In 60 seconds, the world sold 1 million plastic bottles and 2 million plastic bags. Degraded for more than 1,000 years. These waste plastics are broken into "microplastics" and they are everywhere. Now, they are already in the human body.
A new study by the European Joint Gastroenterology Research Institute confirmed for the first time that up to nine microplastics were found in humans, ranging in size from 0.05 to 0.5 mm, the most common of which were polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene terephthalate(PET), both of which are the main components of plastic bottles and caps. According to this research, about 50% of the world's population has microplastics in the body.
Microplastic Under The Magnifying Glass
Fish Are Swallowing Micro-Plastics
Microplastics that enter the human gut may affect the immune response of the digestive system or aid in the transmission of toxic chemicals and pathogens. When the microplastics are further broken down into smaller particles, they are likely to be absorbed by the human circulatory system and enter the human organs. Large-volume micro-plastics may leave chemical contamination in the human body and gradually accumulate in human tissues. Although the extent of microplastics' threat to human health is not clear, the results of these studies have been alarming.
After the waste plastic enters the ocean, under the joint action of sunlight and ocean waves, it becomes small particles and enters the marine organism. Fibres on synthetic clothing, especially polyester and acrylic, are drained through the washing machine into the freshwater system. In the ocean, microplastics were found in the body of 114 aquatic species. On the land, microplastics were detected in 83% of the world's faucet samples.
Waste Plastic Floating on The Sea
Microplastics in Fish
Today, microplastics are ubiquitous. German beer contains up to 150 micro-plastics per liter, up to 400 per kilogram of honey, and up to 13,000 soft tissue per kilogram of cultured mussels in Canada. Europeans eat shellfish, with a maximum intake of 11,000 micro-plastics per person per year. The maximum amount of micro-plastics consumed per person per year for the consumption of sea salt is 1,000. Whether it is eating contaminated food, or unconsciously eating tiny plastics on food packaging, it can cause micro-plastic contamination in the human body.
Human beings are the makers of plastic waste. Plastic bags or plastic bottles that we throw away can be the source of microplastics. In nature, more than 220 species will ingest micro-plastics in their diets. These micro-plastic creatures will climb the human dining table along the bio-chain. The plastic waste produced by humans eventually returned to the human body.
Waste Plastic on The Seabed
If humans do not change the status quo, the degree of plastic pollution will further deteriorate. Humans need to stop dumping garbage into the ocean, improve the recycling rate of waste plastics, and use the continuous thermal cracking facilities and technology encouraged by the state to realize the harmless treatment and resource utilization of waste plastics. Promote a green circular economy and build a clean earth home.